Birthmarks and other pigment spots are very common and they do not bother people much. Some people might choose treatments for pigment spots due to aesthetic reasons. But, it is important to seek a thorough diagnosis if you have any abnormal kind of pigment spots. There are different kinds of pigment spots in different names. They are even classified into different categories. Mainly, there are two types of pigment spots. They are- black marks and skin pigmentation disorders.
Birth marks are present on your skin during the time of birth itself. Most of the birthmarks are non-cancerous and which may cause certain health risks. Birthmarks are even classified into:
- Pigmented birthmarks and
- Vascular birthmarks
Different varieties of pigmented birthmarks may include:
- Mongolian spots
- Café-au-lait spots (French for “coffee with milk”) and
- Nevus of ota
Vascular birthmarks develop from the blood vessels. Different types of vascular birthmarks are:
- Macular stains and
- Macular stains
Apart form all these, there can be spots on the skin which can be considered to be a kind of skin disorder that may require treatments. Some of the skin pigmentation disorders are:
- hypo-pigmentation and
- Vitiligo etc.
It is very common among women to develop skin pigmentation irregularities after the age of 30. Most of the skin pigmentation disorders are caused when the melanin production get disrupted. Melanin is the primary determinant that gives colour to the skin. Other factors that may cause skin pigmentation may include sun, genetics, ageing etc.
Treatments may vary according to the problems on your face. Some of them may dissolve itself as time passes. Some can be cured with medications and some other home treatments. Some may require more complex treatments such as laser surgery, cryotherapy etc. It will be decided only after diagnosing the problem and finding out the exact cause and origin.
Nevus, generally known as moles are very common among all of us. Clusters of pigmented cells that usually appear as small, dark brown spots are called nevus (moles). The colour and size of the moles may vary and can develop anywhere in your body. In most cases, moles are not harmful. But, there are cases where these moles can trun cancerous. It is important to get diagnosed if you feel any mole in your body as abnormal. It can be a sign of skin cancer.
Usually, the typical moles are mostly seen in brown colour. But, it is not necessary that everyone to have brown coloured mole. Moles can be of different colours, shape and size. It is quite natural to have 10 to 40 moles on different parts of a human being's body. They might dissolve and appear throughout the life. Most of the moles may have a smooth/wrinkled/flat or raised surface. Most of the moles appear during childhood and adolescence. The moles may become larger and darker in different stages of your life.
Majority of the people are not concerned about such moles and spots. But, if any new moles are appearing when you are above 30, you should see a doctor . You should also check whether they are:
- If half of the mole looks different or
- Suddenly changes its size, shape and colour
In such cases, you should consult a doctor. Moles develop when the cells in the skin (melanocytes) grow in clusters surrounded by tissues. Moles that are at risk may include:
- Numerous moles
- Atypical moles
- Large moles that are present at birth
Skin examination and biopsy are the two methods for diagnosis for moles. Biopsy can help a doctor to find whether the mole is cancerous or not.
Cancerous moles are removed using two methods- through surgical excision and Surgical shave. Surgical shave is meant for smaller moles, which are cut down using a small blade.